Storth CE Primary School is committed to the teaching of Sex and Relationships Education (SRE).
Sex and relationship education is lifelong learning about physical, moral and emotional development. It is about the understanding of the importance of loving and caring relationships. It is about the teaching of sex, sexuality and sexual health.
Research demonstrates that good, comprehensive sex and relationship education does not make young people more likely to become sexually active at a younger age.
Moral and Values Framework
Sex and relationship education will reflect the values of the PSHE and Citizenship programme. SRE will be taught in the context of relationships.In addition SRE will promote self esteem and emotional health and well being and help them form and maintain worthwhile and satisfying relationships, based on respect for themselves and for others, at home, school, work and in the community.
Aims and Objectives for Sex and Relationship Education
The aim of SRE is to provide children with age appropriate information, explore attitudes and values and develop skills in order to empower them to make positive decisions about their health related behaviour.This should take place with consideration of the qualities of relationships within families.
The objectives of Sex and Relationship Education are:
- To provide the knowledge and information to which all pupils are entitled·To clarify/reinforce existing knowledge
- To raise pupils’ self esteem and confidence, especially in their relationships with others;·
- To help pupils understand their sexual feelings and behaviour, so they can lead fulfilling and enjoyable lives;·
- To help pupils’ develop skills (language, decision making, choice, assertiveness) and make the most of their abilities.·
- To provide the confidence to be participating members of society and to value themselves and others;·
- To help gain access to information and support ·To develop skills for a healthier safer lifestyle·
- To develop and use communication skills and assertiveness skills to cope with the influences of their peers and the media·To respect andcare for their bodies
- To be prepared for puberty and adulthood
The teaching programme for Sex and Relationship Education
All schools must teach the following as part of the New National Curriculum Science strand, parents do not have the right to withdraw their child/children.
National Curriculum Science
Key Stage 1
- notice that animals, including humans, have offspring which grow into adults find out about and describe the basic needs of animals, including humans, for survival (water, food and air)
- describe the importance for humans of exercise, eating the right amounts of types of food, and hygiene.
Key Stage 2
- identify that animals, including humans, need the right types and amount of nutrition,and that they cannot make their own food; they get nutrition from what they eatidentify that humans andsome other animals have skeletons and muscles forsupport, protection and movement.describe the simple functions of the basic parts of the digestive system in humansidentify the different types of teeth in humans and their simple functionsconstruct and interpret a variety of food chains, identifying producers, predators andprey.describe the changes as humans develop to old age.
- describe the differences in the life cycles of a mammal, an amphibian, an insect anda bird describe the life process of reproduction in some plants and animals.·
- Every child is entitled to receive SRE regardless of ethnicity, gender, religion, age, culture, disability, sexuality, language specials needs, disadvantaged and looked after children.
- It is our intention all children have the opportunity to experience a programme of SRE at a level which is appropriate for their age and physical development with differentiated provision if required.
Such a programme can successfully follow the outline given below:
Children learn about the concept of male and female and about young animals. In ongoing PSHE work, they develop skills to form friendships and think about relationships with others.
Key Stage 1
Through work in science children learn about life cycles of some animals, understand the idea of growing from young to old and learn that all living things reproduce.
They learnabout the importance of personal hygiene to maintain good health. In RE and Citizenship children reflect on family relationships, different family groups and friendship. They learn about rituals and traditions associated with birth, marriage and death and talk about the emotions involved.They begin to co-operate with others in work and play and begin to recognise the range of human emotions and ways to deal with them.They also learn about personal safety.
Key Stage 2
In science children build on their knowledge of life cycles and learn about the basic biology of human reproduction including birth of a baby on years 5 & 6.
Children are taught about the physical, emotional and social changes at puberty, which include personal hygiene. In RE and Citizenship, they continue to develop an understanding of relationships within a family, between friends and the community and that there are different patterns of friendship. They will develop skills needed to form relationships and to respect other people’s emotions and feelings.
They will consider how to make simple choices and exercise some basic techniques for resisting pressures.Sex and relationship education should focus on the development of skills and attitudes not just the acquisition of knowledge.
The organisation of Sex and Relationship Education
Simon Brabant is the designated teacher with responsibility for coordinating sex and relationship education.
Sex and relationship education is delivered through science, RE, PSHE, Citizenship, literacy activities and circle
time. Sex and relationship education is taught by classroom teachers, teaching assistants and if appropriate,
outside visitors such as the school nurse.
A range of teaching methods which involve children’s full participation are used to teach sex and relationship
education. These include use of video, discussion, looking at case studies, drama and role play.
Sex and relationship education is usually delivered in mixed gender groups however, there may be occasions
where single gender groups are more appropriate and relevant.
Resources to teach sex and relationship education include fiction, reference books, leaflets and extracts from
Channel 4 Living and Growing video Unit 1, 2 & 3 plus work books.
Unit 1 5-7yrs Differences / How did I get Here? / Growing up
Unit 2 7-9 yrs Changes / How babies are made / How babies are born
Unit 3 9-11yrs Girl talk / Boy talk / Let’s talk about sex
Available from 4 Learning, PO Box 400 Wetherby LS23 7LG Tel 08701 246444
(Sex and relationship education is monitored and evaluated by the Head teacher as part of the school’s
development plan. As a result of this process changes will be made to the sex and relationship education
programmes as appropriate.)
The school includes information on sex and relationship education in the school prospectus and full
details are available on request.
The school informs parents when aspects of the sex and relationship programme are taught and provides opportunities for parents to view the videos and resources being used.
Parents have the right to withdraw their children from those aspects of sex and relationship education, not included in the National Curriculum Science Curriculum, alternative work would be set.
However this rarely happens, by working in partnership with parents they recognise the importance of this aspect of their child’s education.
Child Protection / Confidentiality
Teachers need to be aware that effective sex and relationship education, which brings an
understanding of what is and is not acceptable in a relationship, may lead to disclosure of a child
The staff member will inform the Head Teacher /Designated Child Protection person in line with the
LEA procedures for child protection.
A member of staff cannot promise confidentiality if concerns exist.
Links with other policies
This policy is linked with the following policies:
- PSHE & Citizenship
- Equal Opportunities
- Child Protection
- Anti Bullying
Dealing with difficult questions
Ground rules are essential to provide an agreed structure to answering sensitive or difficult questions.
This framework facilitates the use of an anonymous question box as a distancing technique.
Teachers will endeavour to answer questions as honestly as possible but if faced with a question they
do not feel comfortable answering within the classroom, provision would be made to meet the
individual child’s needs.
Use of visitors
When appropriate, visitors such as the school nurse may be involved in the
delivery of sex and relationship education, particularly in Key Stage 2.
Children with special needs
Teaching and resources will be differentiated as appropriate to address the needs of these children in
order for them to have full access to the content of sex and relationship education.
Monitoring and Evaluation
Monitoring is the responsibility of the head teacher, named governor and teacher with responsibility for sex and relationship education.
The school will assess the effectiveness of the aims, content and methods in promoting students’ learning by lesson observation, sampling teachers planning, questionnaires to teachers and children and feedback from parents.
The effectiveness of the SRE programme will be evaluated by assessing children’s learning and implementing change if required.
This policy will be reviewed by the Headteacher